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IPR Management

What is Intellectual Property (IP)?

According to WIPO (World Intellectual property Organization) (IP) refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.

"IP is divided into two categories: Industrial property, which includes inventions (patentes), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source; and Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectual designs. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and those of broadcasters in their radio and television programs"


Patents

what is a patent?

  • Is an exclusive right granted for an invention, wich is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.

what kind of protection does a patent offer?

  • Exclusive IP right which duration is 20 years
  • The right to produce, dispose of and market or keep and use the products protected or products derived from patented processes
  • The right to apply, dispose of or market the process protected
  • The right to prohibit any third party from exploiting your invention thought production of or importing the products protected
  • The right to grant a license for the exploitation of the patent to a third party

Before applying for a patent...Does the product/process meet the requirements for protection?

Perform a priority research, within the following databases:

- http://ep.espacenet.com (European)

- http://www.google.com/patents (International)

- http://www.wipo.int (International)

- http://www.uspto.gov/ (E.U.A.)



Trademarks

what is a trademark?

  • Is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by an organization to uniquely identify itself, its products and/or services to consumers, and to distinguish the organization and its products or services from those of other organizations

What kind of protection does a trademark offer?

  • exclusive right
  • prohibit any third party from using the trademark without your permission
  • recognition and financial profit
  • licensing agreements and franchising

Before applying for a registered trademark...

Perform a priority research:

(http://oami.europa.eu/ows/rw/pages/index.en.do) (communitarian)

- http://www.wipo.int (International)


Registered Design

What is a registered design and what is it for?

  • it confers innovation to the product
  • it recognizes the product as creative, between others
  • brings commercial advantage and competitiveness to the company
  • it attributes an image of vanguard to the company
  • it foments a loyal competition

What kind of protection and advantages does a registered design offer?

  • exclusive right of the company
  • prohibit any third party to produce and/or
  • commercialize without permission
  • it is a competitive advantage
  • licensing agreements and franchising

Before applying for a registered design...

Perform a priority research:

http://www.oami.eu.int (communitarian)

http://www.wipo.int (international)


Relevant Links

WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization

IPR HELPDESK

OAMI – The Trade Mark and Designs Registration Office of the European Union

INNORPI – INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA NORMALISATION ET DE LA PROPRIETE INDUSTRIELLE